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18th BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change

New Delhi , 08 August2014

Joint Statement

1. The18th BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change was held in New Delhi, India on 7-8 August 2014. The meeting was attended by H.E Mr. Prakash Javadekar, Minister of State (IC) of Environment, Forests and Climate Change of India, H.E.Ms. Edna Molewa, Minister of Environmental Affairs of South Africa, H.E.Mr.XieZhenhua, Vice Chairman of the National Development and Reform Commission of China and H.E.  Dr.  Francisco Gaetani, Deputy Minister of Environment of Brazil.

2. The Ministers noted that considerable progress has been achieved by their countries in reducing poverty. Despite the massive scale of development challenges still faced by them, the governments of all BASIC countries are undertaking extensive and ambitious voluntary mitigation actions to pursue low carbon pathways including through the development and deployment of renewable energy, improving energy efficiency through improved technologies, REDD+,etc.

3. The Ministers reviewed the progress after the Warsaw COP and the way forward. Ministers stressed that   the 2015 outcome to be adopted at the COP in Paris should be comprehensive, balanced, equitable and fair in order to enhance the full, effective and sustained implementation of the Convention. The Ministers affirmed that the BASIC countries are ready and willing to play their part in this process and extended their full support to the Government of Perufora successful COP in Lima, which would be central to the 2015 outcome. They also stressed their full support to the Government of Venezuela for the Pre-COP to beheld this year.

4. The Ministers underscored the need for finalization of the elements for a draft negotiating text for the 2015 outcome by the CO Pin Lima. They reiterated that the six core elements for the 2015 outcome have been identified in paragraph 5 of decision 1/CP.17and that these should be addressed in a balanced and comprehensive manner through an open and transparent, inclusive, party-driven and consensus-building process.

5. The  Ministers  reaffirmed  that  the  process  and  outcome  of  the  Durban  Platform  for Enhanced Action (ADP) must be in full accordance with all the principles, provisions and structure of  the Convention,  in  particular  the  principles  of  equity  and  common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.

6. The Ministers emphasized that the developed countries should take the lead in addressing climate change in accordance with their historical responsibilities, the latest available scientific evidence on climate change trends and the IPCCAR5. They urged developed countries to implement their commitments under the Convention towards developing countries for provision of finance, technology and capacity-building support and highlighted the importance and relevance of Article 4.7 of the Convention in this regard.

7. The  Ministers concurred  with  the  need  for  all  Parties  to  communicate their  intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) as early as possible. The Ministers affirmed that the INDCs would include all pillars of the Durban Platform-mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology development and transfer and capacity-building.

8. The Ministers stressed that in accordance with the Convention principle of differentiation, the  commitments of  the  developed  countries to  be  included  in  the  INDCs  should  be quantified  economy-wide  emission  reduction  targets  for  mitigation   and  provision  of finance,  technology development and  transfer  as  well  as  capacity  building support to developing countries for their mitigation and adaptation actions. They reiterated that the INDCs of developing countries will be in the context of their social and development needs and will also be premised on the extent of financial, technological and capacity building support provided by developed countries.

9. The Ministers emphasized that the information to be provided in the context of the INDCs would also need to be accordingly differentiated between the developed and developing countries in accordance with Article12 of the Convention. The Ministers further stressed that  the  purpose  of  such  information  is  to  facilitate  the  clarity, transparency  and understanding of the INDCs in accordance with the Warsaw decision.

10. The Ministers reiterated that the Kyoto Protocol remains the essential and legally binding basis for addressing pre-2020 mitigation ambition. The Ministers called for the expeditious ratification of these cond commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol and emphasized the importance of revisiting and significantly increasing ambition of QELROs in 2014 and inline with what is required by science, and comparable pledges in the same timeframe by those Annex I Parties, who have not participated in these Cond commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol till now. The Ministers expressed their serious concern on the low level of mitigation ambition of developed countries and called for necessary arrangements to be made for the 2014 Revisit for increasing the emission reduction targets by all developed country parties.

11. The  Ministers  noted  with  concern  that  the  pre-2020  ambition  gaps  exist  not  only  in mitigation but also in adaptation and finance, technology and capacity building support to developing countries. They reiterated that the contribution of developing countries to mitigation efforts is far greater than that of developed countries and could be further enhanced if developed countries effectively implement and significantly increase their commitments   of   providing   finance,   technology   and   capacity   building    support   to developing countries.

12. The Ministers underscored the importance of adaptation measures required to address the impacts  of  climate  change,  especially  for  the  developing  countries,  which   require international  support  from  developed  countries  on  issues  relating  to  risk   reduction, management and resilience. They drew attention to the fact that since climate change impacts are global in nature adaptation measures required also need an international response. The Ministers welcomed the Warsaw COP decision on setting up a Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage.

13. The Ministers called for the full operationalization of and close coordination between institutions established in the Baliprocess, including the Green Climate Fund, the Standing Committee on Finance, the Technology Executive Committee, the Climate Technology Centre and Network and the Adaptation Committee. Ministers called for the immediate and substantial capitalization of the GCF. The Ministers proposed that a part of the funds to be made available under the Green Climate Fund could be utilized to secure IPRs of relevant climate friendly technologies for deployment in developing countries.

14. The Ministers expressed disappointment over the continued lack of any clear roadmap for providing US$100 billion per year by developed countries by 2020. They urged developed countries to honour their obligations to provide new, additional and predictable financial support to developing countries in a measurable, reportable and verifiable manner. They reiterated that public financial sources should be the main stay of climate finance and that private finances could only be expected to play a supplementary role.

15. The Ministers reaffirmed the importance of multilateralism in addressing climate change in accordance with  the  principles  and  provisions  of  the  Convention  and  reiterated  their strong opposition to any unilateral measures such as in aviation or shipping.

16. The Ministers looked forward to the upcoming Summit on Climate Change to be hosted by the UN Secretary General in New York on 23 September 2014 for generating political momentum on climate action.

17. The Ministers welcomed the Outcome Document of the Santa Cruz Summit of the Group of 77 and China held in June 2014 to mark the 50th anniversary of the Group. They noted the achievements of  the Group,  in articulating  the  concerns  and  interests of the developing countries in various fora, including the UNFCCC, over the last five decades and expressed the  confidence  that  the  Group  will  continue  to  work  for  an equitable and successful outcome in Paris. In this regard, the Ministers extended their full support to Bolivia during its current Chairmanship of the Group of 77 and China.

18. The Ministers also welcomed the 3rd International conference on Small Island Developing States (SIDS)  scheduled  on  14  September  2014  in Apia, Samoa  and  reiterated  their traditional solidarity with  the  SIDS  countries in their efforts to adequately meet their unique development challenges and vulnerabilities.

19. The  Ministers  welcomed  the  offer  by  South  Africa  to  host  the  19th BASIC  Ministerial Meeting during the third week of October, 2014.